Defenses Against Domestic Violence

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  • Saturday, September 28, 2013
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  • Available services and challenges
    Various laws have been enacted for the protection and
    empowerment of women in India. These include:
    1. The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961
    2. The Criminal Law (Second Amendment) Act, 1983
    3. The Dowry Prohibition (maintenance of list of
    presents to the bride and bridegroom) Rules, 1985
    4. The Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition)
    Act, 1986
    5. The Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act, 1987
    6. The National Commission for Women Act,1990
    7. National Policy for the Empowerment of Women,
    8. The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence
    Act, 2005
    9. Prevention of Offences (by acids) Act, 2008
    Most services currently available for victims of domestic
    violence are on the legal front. The main focus is on the
    secondary and tertiary levels of prevention. The victim
    faces numerous health problems, which not only affect
    her, but also the immediate family. Yet, there is a lack of
    public health-oriented approach. There is also a relative
    lack of recognition of the problems faced by these women
    among health care professionals.
    A couple of challenges pose difficulties in identifying
    solutions for domestic violence. First, there is inaccuracy
    in identifying and quantifying the victims of domestic
    violence because of the absence of operational definitions
    adapted for India, incomparability of existing data, and
    the gender norms preventing women from seeking help.
    Second, the situation is complicated by the multi-factorial
    determinants of domestic violence, viz., individual,
    community and societal factors.


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